26 March is celebrated as the Independent Day of Bangladesh because of this day, the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman officially declared the independence of Bangladesh after the Pakistan Army launched a brutal and barbaric and killed thousands of civilians on the night of 25 March 1971. The day marks the beginning of a nine-month-long war of liberation till the victory on 16th December 1971. This is a public holiday which is celebrated paying tribute to the millions of martyrs at the National Memorial at Savar. In addition, different national programs are organized to remember the day auspiciously military assault.
In the 1970 Pakistani general election under the military government of President Yahya Khan, the largest political party Awami League led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman won a clear majority in East Pakistan national seats as well as provincial assembly. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto conspired with Yahya Khan and changed their position, refusing to hand over power to Sheikh Mujib. Negotiations began but Sheikh Mujib was not trusted by the ruling West Pakistani leadership, having Agartala conspiracy case in vision. When it became clear that promises given earlier were not going to followed through, the whole nation of Bangla-speaking Muslims and Hindus of East Pakistan began a spirited struggle for independence, supported by the Indian government. On 7 March 1971, Sheikh Mujib gave his famous speech at the Ramna Racecourse where he called for a non-cooperation movement.
Authorities, mostly west Pakistani personnel rounded up Bangla-speaking armed forces officers, NCOs, and enlisted personnel. Forced disappearances went rampant. On the evening of 25 March in an interview with David Frost, Sheikh Mujib still called out openly for negotiation and a united Pakistan. That night the Pakistan Army spilled out to the streets killing and started Operation Searchlight. It was official, they were not ready for a peaceful transfer of political power to the Awami League led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
The Independence of Bangladesh was declared on 26 March 1971 by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Another declaration was read out on 27 March 1971, by Major Ziaur Rahman, on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Major Zia (who was also a BDF Sector Commander of Sector 1 and later of Sector 11) raised an independent Z Force brigade., Chittagong and the guerilla struggle officially began. The people of Bangladesh then took part in a war to get independence from Pakistan. Independence of Bangladesh was gained through a nine-month guerilla war against the Pakistan Army, and their collaborators including paramilitary Razakars which resulted in the death of about 3 million people, as per Awami league and Indian sources, in the Bangladesh War of Independence and Bangladesh Genocide. The BDF, later with military support from India defeated the Pakistan Army ending the war on 16 December 1971 after the Surrender of Pakistan.
Place Jatiyo Sriti Shoudho (National Martyr's Memorial) is located in Savar, about 35 km north-west of the capital, Dhaka. Anyone can reach there by road using CAR, CNG